Roses are perhaps the most common flowers in the whole world when it comes to expressing love. Receiving a bunch of red roses from your boyfriend or husband is romantic and heart melting, right? Indeed, roses bring joy and happiness to both giver and receiver. But, do you know these flowers are being reared? It is a tedious process just for it to arrive perfectly at your doorstep. So for your benefit, you will learn the important points and understand how to grow roses.
All About Roses
There are about 6500 varieties and around 150 species of roses. Each has a different fragrance, growth characteristics and planting specifications. Also, planting the same breed of roses on different soil types may come out different. A deep red rose planted in the south region may come out dark pink in the Northern part.
Here are the varieties of roses:
- Hybrid Tea
- Old Garden
The Hybrid Tea roses are the usual roses you see in flower shops. This type grows between 3 to 6 feet and its bloom is large at the end of a long stem. It can come out any color imaginable except for two: black and blue. Example: Black Magic
Climbing Roses can grow up to 20 feet. In minimum, they can stretch until 8 feet. They can bloom in clusters or in singles. Example: Fourth of July
Floribunda roses are small compared to many rose varieties and mostly grow in clusters. It used to be called Hybrid Polyanthas. Example: Iceberg
Grandiflora roses are a combination of Hybrid Tea and Floribunda. Example: Queen Elizabeth
Polyantha roses are almost extinct in the rose variety. These are small roses that grow in low bushes, also clustered. Example: China Doll
Old Garden roses are types that existed before 1867. These can grow up to 50 feet, the tallest roses ever recorded. These roses also repeat bloom almost instantly. Example: Lady Banks
Shrub roses are flowers that do not fit in any other category. Example: Perdita
Miniature roses are small that it can grow inside containers. Its bloom is about half an inch to two inches. The plant itself can rise up to 3 feet only. Example: Behold
Now that you know the different varieties and some of its most evident characteristics, roses are to be planted depending upon type or variety. You have to match how they bloom with the area you are going to plant the roses into. Also, the blooming period is very important to be familiar with. You have to keep the roses blooming in your backyard all year round, if possible. You can plant your roses 7-14 days apart so that you can have blossoms continually and not have them all at once.
You do not need to have the “green thumb” just so you can learn how to grow roses. But you do need the knowledge on how to take good care of it. Remember these tips when growing roses in your backyard:
- Plant the roses in rich soil. (compost, manure and well-drenched soil )
- Shower the roses every day during the growing season.
- Feed the roses with fertilizer and let it rest when autumn comes to avoid nipping during the cold season.
- Check the plants regularly since there are insects that can prey on the lovely blossoms and destroy the roses with diseases.
- Spray the blooms with water when infected, take off the diseased portion and bring it to a flower/garden center for appropriate treatment.
- Cut the damaged portions by using hand shears and leave 5 healthy stems to grow.
- Clip new buds with long-handled loppers during winter or early spring to form new branches.
- Protect the roses during winter by covering the base of the roses with soil.
Roses like the floribundas, grandifloras, hybrid teas and climbing roses naturally harden when winter comes (10 degrees below). It is a wonderful feeling to have roses in your garden even if there is snow, or when it is too sunny, chilly and when leaves start to fall. It will come easy for you to take care of your beautiful flowers now because you are equipped with tips on how to grow roses.