Equipment you need:
A lot of people doing soldering projects opt for a trust soldering iron to get the job done. A good advantage of this tool is that it heats up and cools down in a matter of seconds making it easy to use. The iron can also retain a consistent level of heat. You can choose from low voltage to high powered ones depending on the projects that you will be doing. Choose the ones with setting and features that will most fit your needs like temperature control. If you are working with very thick wires, having a high powered version can be the most effective tool for your project.
Choosing your solder
A lot of solders are available in the market. The sizes can begin from a mere .02 inch to very thick ones mostly used with butane torches. If you will be doing some fine work like soldering resistors or circuit boards, the thinner ones are most appropriate. The solder is mostly an alloy of tin and lead. You should check with the seller the distribution of these two components in the solder. In some countries, there has been a push to avoid leaded solders and lead free options are being promoted. This is because lead has some dangerous effects when mishandled. Some solders have silver components but this requires a lot more heat.
How to solder
When you take a look at the soldering iron, you will notice that you can place different heads or tips. You should know the right tip to use for your project. Most irons that use low voltage will have a conical tip so that the point can be precisely placed on the area of application. The high powered ones will have a flatter kind of tip that works best for wires. The rule of thumb when doing your soldering is that the tip should be smaller than the area of application so that you can do more precise application of heat.
The work space
When you are doing some soldering, be sure that you are doing it in a safe space. Always have a holder so that the hot tip of the iron will not touch any flammable surfaces. Be sure to keep your space organized so that it will be easy to see where you put your things.
Working with wires
When dealing with wires, you need to have the necessary tools to properly expose the copper component and make clean cuts all throughout. You will need cutters, a wire stripper and pliers.
When doing your soldering, it is necessary to work in a place that is well ventilated and if ever, a nearby exhaust fan. While working with molten wires, you will be smelling fumes and you do not want those fumes to be inhaled. You should also wear goggles since there will be situations that you will be cutting fine pieces of metal or wires that could hit you on the facial area, most critically, the eyes. Wear safety gloves if you are using high powered soldering irons.